Bibliographies Bibliographies and Sources

Modeling sources for the Centering Spenser buildings

Much of the modeling was done based on on-site visitation, as well as in consultation with experts listed on the Acknowledgements page of this website, including (especially) Eric Klingelhofer and James Lyttleton. 

Special thanks for this document go to Joyce Joines Newman and Wesley Owens.  The finished castle recreation is by necessity speculative and was not approved in every detail by every advisor.

Various unspecified details throughout the website reconstruction are taken from a visit to the reconstructed and finely appointed late-medieval towerhouse at Barryscourt Castle, Co. Cork. To the OPW guide who kindly gave us a tour outside of normal visiting hours, we offer our sincere thanks. Published details from Barryscourt as well as additional sources are listed here (including Works Cited).  Specific locations are listed in parentheses, usually following the page number of a citation, e.g., “David Sweetman, Medieval castles of Ireland p. 49 (Dublin Castle)” indicates a reference to Dublin Castle on p. 49 of Sweetman’s book.

Further sources (for the gardens, for example) can be found under the relevant Object Description listings on this website.

Sweetman, Medieval Castles, p.49 (Dublin Castle) [illustration from John Derricke, Image of Irelande (1581)]; p. 159, 160 (Barryscourt)

Machicolation over E entrance:
Leask, Irish Castles, p. 19
Carroll, Castles, p. 33
Sweetman, Irish Castles, pp. 12-13, p. 28 (Ballagharahin)

NW Corner Bartizan:
Sweetman, Medieval Castles, p. 150 (Aughnanure); p. 170 (Ballymalis); p. 189 (Ballycowan)
Leask, Irish Castles, p. 105 (Ballymalis); p. 130 (Coppinger’s Court)

Roof/gables/drain holes:
Ashtown Castle, Dublin
Leask, Irish Castles, p. 83 (Clara); p. 120 (Dunsoghly)
Sweetman, Medieval Castles, p. 167 (Pallas)
Potterton, Medieval Trim, p. 245 (Trim)

Leask, Irish Castles, p. 81, p. 85 (Clara)
Carroll, Castles, p. 136
Sweetman, Medieval Castles, p. 49 (Dublin)
Sweetman, Irish Castles, p. 10 (Trim); pp. 26-27 (Bunratty)

Corner Tower:
Potterton, Medieval Trim, p. 245 (Trim)
McNeill, Castles in Ireland, p. 215 (Roodstown)

Ashtown Castle, Dublin
Sweetman, Irish Castles, p. 19 (Trim); p. 42
Sweetman, Medieval Castles, p. 167 (Pallas); pp. 160-1 (Barryscourt); p.170 (Ballymalis)
Leask, Irish Castles, p. 107 (Rockfleet) [chimney on long side, not gable end]

Great Hall
Sweetman, Medieval Castles, p. 121 (Askeaton)
Leask, Irish Castles, pp. 84-85 (Clara); p. 95 (Askeaton)
McNeill, Castles in Ireland, pp. 178-9 (Askeaton)

Pollock, “Barryscourt Hall”, p. 264 (Barryscourt)
Leask, Irish Castles, p. 90 (Derryhivenny)
McNeill, Castles in Ireland, pp. 176-7 (Askeaton)

Sweetman, Medieval Castles, p. 160 (Barryscourt)

Ground Floor Parlor
Klingelhofer, “Edmund Spenser” [placement of chimney]

Sweetman, Medieval Castles, p. 188 (Donegal) [keystone]
Johnson, “A Renaissance doorway”, pp. 254-5 (Bremore)

Longford Castle , Wiltshire
Sweetman, Medieval Castles, p. 156 (Grange)
Sweetman, Irish Castles, pp. 30-31 (Donegal)
Leask, Irish Castles, p. 127 (Burntcourt)

Bawn Wall
Top edge:
Sweetman, Medieval Castles, p. 49 (from Derricke, Image of Irelande)
Leask, Irish Castles, p.90 (Derryhivenny)

Breen, Gaelic Lordship, p. 153 (Carriganass)

Works Cited

Colin Breen, The Gaelic Lordship of the O’Sullivan Beare: A Landscape History (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1995).

Michael J. Carroll, The Castles of County Limerick (Bantry, Co. Cork: Bantry Studio Publications, 2005).

David Newman Johnson. “A Renaissance doorway architrave from the Elizabethan period at Bremore Castle, County Dublin.” From Ringforts to Fortified Houses: Studies on castles and other monuments in honour of David Sweetman. Ed. Conleth Manning (Bray, Co. Wicklow: Wordwell, 2007), 249-60.

Eric Klingelhofer, “Edmund Spenser at Kilcolman Castle: the archaeological evidence.“ Post-Medieval Archaeology, 39:1 (2005), 133-154.

H. G. Leask, Irish Castles and Castellated Houses (1944) 2nd ed. (Dundalk: Dundalgan Press [W. Tempest] Ltd., 1999).

Tom McNeill, Castles in Ireland: Feudal Power in a Gaelic World (London and New York: Routledge, 1997).

David Pollock, “The Barryscourt hall and the remains of some other medieval timber buildings.“ From Ringforts to Fortified Houses: Studies on castles and other monuments in honour of David Sweetman. Ed. Conleth Manning (Bray, Co. Wicklow: Wordwell 2007), 261-272.

Michael Potterton, Medieval Trim: History and Archaeology (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2005).

David Sweetman, Irish Castles and Fortified Houses (Dublin: Town House and Country House, 1995).

David Sweetman, Medieval Castles of Ireland, 2nd ed. (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell, 2000).