“Chapter 29: Divorce and Alimony.” The Code of North Carolina, Enacted March 2, 1883. 2 Vols. New York: Banks and Brothers, Law Publishers, 1883. Vol.1: 513-519.
“Chapter 198: An Act Concerning Marriages, Marriage Settlements, and the Contracts of Married Women.” Public Laws of the State of North Carolina passed by the General Assembly at its Session, 1871–1872. Raleigh, N.C.: Theo N. Ramsey, State Printer and Binder, 1872. 328-350.
The Fifteenth Amendment, United States Constitution. 1870. Cornell University Law School.
The Fourteenth Amendment, United States Constitution. 1868. Cornell University Law School
The Ocala Demands, 1890. History Resources at Mott Community College. MCC History Department, Flint, Michigan.
The Progressive Farmer . Winston-Salem, N.C. 1896.
Public Documents of the State of North Carolina, Session 1891. Raleigh: Josephus Daniels, State Printer and Binder. 1891.
This volume includes the “Biennial Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction for the Scholastic Years 1889 and 1890,” Document #3, pps i-l; and the “Annual Report of the Adjutant General for the Year 1889,” Document #7, pps. 1-182. The Adjutant General’s report includes the report of Captain J. E. Wood and the letter entitled “To the Colored People of Wayne County.”
"Senate Bill 213: A Bill to be Entitled an Act to Suppress Lynchings and to Reccover Damages Therefore." Records of the North Carolina General Assembly. Senate Bills, 1897. North Carolina State Archives. Raleigh, North Carolina.
State v. A.B. Rhodes. 61 N.C. Reports 453.
State v. Alexander Reinhardt and Alice Love. 63 N.C. Reports 547.
State v. Isaac Kennedy and Mag Kennedy. 76 N.C. Reports 251.
State v. Pink Ross and Sarah Ross. 76 N.C. Reports 242.
State v. Wesley Hairston and Puss Williams. 63 N.C. Reports 451.
1898 Wilmington Race Riot Report: 1898 Wilmington Race Riot Commission. Research Branch, Office of Archives and History. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. 2006. http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/
The following documents are reprinted in the Report:
“Alex Manly’s Editorial. The Daily Record. August 18, 1898.” p.98.
“Response of the Committee of Colored Citizens.” p.120. The original appears in the Alfred Moore Waddell Papers, Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina Library, Chapel Hill.
“Mrs. Felton Speaks. The Morning Star (Wilmington), August 18, 26, 1898.” p.97.
“Letter from an Organization of Colored Ladies. The Messenger (Wilmington), October 21, 1898.” p.104.
“Rebecca Cameron to Alfred M. Waddell, October 26, 1898.” p.81. The original appears in the Alfred M. Waddell Papers, Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina Library.
“White Declaration of Independence.” p.115. Several other sources report on the mass meeting of white citizens, called by The Wilmington Messenger, on November 9, 1898. The meeting resulted in this document and an amendment that called for the resignation of several pro-fusionist officers of the local government.
Clippings file. Bill Reaves Collection. New Hanover County Public Library. Wilmington, North Carolina. This collection includes the following two articles from the Wilmington Semi-Weekly Messenger:
“The White Government Union—Constitution,” August 2, 1898.
“White Man’s Rally: Wilmington’s Red Shirters on the Ride,” November 8, 1898.
"Contested Election Case of Oliver H. Dockery vs. John D. Bellamy, From the Sixth Congressional District of North Carolina." Washington: Government Printing Office, 1899.
The complete manuscript is located at the New Hanover County Public Library in Wilmington, North Carolina.
The North Carolina Experience. Documenting the American South. 2004. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
The Following texts appear on the site: Andrews, R. McCants. “John Merrick. A Biographical Sketch. 1920.”
Chesnutt, Charles Waddell. “The Marrow of Tradition. 1901.”
Connor, R.D.W. and Clarence Poe. “The Life and Speeches of Charles Brantley Aycock. 1912.”
“Democratic Party (N.C.) State Executive Committee." The Democratic Handbook. 1898. Prepared by the State Democratic Executive Committee of North Carolina.”
Kirk, J. Allen. “A Statement of Facts Concerning the Bloody Riot in Wilmington, N.C. Of Interest to Every Citizen of the United States. 1898.”
“Populist Party (N.C.). State Executive Committee People's Party Hand-Book of Facts. Campaign of 1898.”
Foner, Philip S. ed. The Voice of Black America: Major Speeches by Negroes in the United States, 1797–1971. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1972.
The statement by the Reverend Charles S. Morris appears here.
Hayden, Harry. The Story of the Wilmington Rebellion. Wilmington: Harry Hayden.1936.
Hayden, Harry. "The Wilmington Light Infantry." Unpublished manuscript, 1954. Harry Hayden Papers. New Hanover County Public Library, Wilmington, North Carolina.
The Messenger. Wilmington, N.C. 1898.
“Minutes of the New Hanover County, Wilmington City Council. November 5–16, 1898.” Microfilm Volume F. 1898–1906. New Hanover County Public Library, Wilmington, North Carolina.
“Minutes of the Organizational Meeting of the Association of Members of the Wilmington Light Infantry. December 14, 1905.” North Carolina Collection. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
The Morning Star. Wilmington, N.C. 1898.
The North Carolina Election of 1898. The North Carolina Collection. 2005. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The following texts appear on the site:
“Election 1898 Political Cartoons in the News and Observer.”
“Election 1898 Political Cartoons in the Progressive Farmer.”
Rountree, George. “Memorandum of My Personal Recollection of the Election of 1898.” Henry Grove Connor Papers. Manuscripts Department. Southern Historical Collection. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Amy Kate Bailey, E.M. Beck and Stewart Tolnay. CSDE Lynching Database. Northwest Social Research Group.
Boniti, Loretta. “Celebrating Black History Month: Traveling During Jim Crow.” In Focus. Spectrum News 1. January 30, 2019.
1898 Wilmington Race Riot Report: 1898 Wilmington Race Riot Commission. Research Branch, Office of Archives and History. 2006. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us
Benjamin F. Chavis, et. Als. Vs. State of North Carolina. 637 F. 2d 213.
The Caucasian. Clinton, North Carolina. 1900. The article by T.E. Owen and the text of Article VI “Suffrage and Eligibility to Office – Qualifications of an Elector” appear on February 15, 1900, p.3. Marion Butler’s letter to George Wilcox appears on January 4, 1900, p.2.
Cong. Rec. 26 January 1899. House. 55th Congress. Session 3. 1124–26.
Cong. Rec. 29 January 1901. House. 56th Congress. Session 2. 1634–38.
Documenting the American South. The North Carolina Experience. 2004. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The following text appears on the site:
Connor, R.D.W. and Clarence Poe. “The Life and Speeches of Charles Brantley Aycock. 1912.”
Dublin, Thomas and Kathryn Kish Sklar. “Anti-Lynching Bill.” The Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill, 1918-1922.
“Free the Wilmington 10.” Broadsides. North Carolina Collection. J.Y. Joyner Library. East Carolina University.
“Free the Wilmington 10 Now!” Campaigns and Causes: Political Memorabilia in North Carolina. North Carolina Collection. 2007. University of North Carolina.
McGirt, James Ephraim. Avenging the Maine, A Drunken A.B., And Other Poems. Raleigh: Edward and Broughton, 1900.
Melton, Henry L., ed. 1898 Wilmington: Debunking the Myths. The 1898 Wilmington Institute for Education and Research. 2005.
Mintz, Steven. “Lynching.” Digital History. 2007. The website features the following sources:
“Ida B. Wells, A Red Record, 1895.”
“Ray Stannard Baker, American Magazine, Following the Color Line, 1908." “Project Gutenberg.org.” The Internet Archive.
“Lynch Law in America, By Ida B. Wells-Barnett in 1900.”
“Lynchings, 1918–1934, Inclusive.” From the NAACP Papers at the Library of Congress.
The Costigan-Wagner Anti Lynching Bill, 1934-5. Vassar Newspaper and Magazine Archive.
The Gavagan Bill, 1937. RareNewspapers.com.
The News and Observer. 2005–2007. The following articles appear in the newspaper online archive:
“An Ugly Chapter,” December 17, 2005
Collins, Kristin. “Effort to Acknowledge 1898 Riot Heads for Oblivion.” June 1, 2007.
Tyson, Timothy B. “The Ghosts of 1898.” November 17, 2006.
“The Future: Recommendations of the Commission" November 17, 2006.
On the Proposed Amendment to the Constitution of North Carolina: Speech of Hon. J.C. Pritchard of North Carolina, in the Senate of the United States, January 22, 1900. Washington: G.P. O. 1900.
“PLESSY v. FERGUSON, 163 U.S. 537 (1896).” FindLaw: For Legal Professionals. Thomson FindLaw. 1994–2008.
Rountree, George. “Memorandum of My Personal Reasons for the Passage of the Suffrage Amendment to the Constitution [Grandfather Clause].” Henry Grove Connor Papers. Manuscripts Department. Southern Historical Collection. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Smith, Steven, ed. Et.als. Remembering Jim Crow. American Radioworks. 2001–2008.
The Star of Zion. New Bern, NC 1900.
State of North Carolina vs. Benjamin Chavis, et. Als. 24 N.C. App. 148.
“Trade of Puerto Rico; Personal explanation: speeches of Hon. George H. White, of North Carolina, in the House of Representatives, Monday, February 5, and Friday, February 23, 1900.” “African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A.P. Murray Collection, 1818–1907.” American Memory. 2007. Library of Congress.
Watts, Dexter. Civil Rights Act of 1964. Chapel Hill: Institute of Government, University of North Carolina, 1964.
The Wilkesboro Chronicle. Wilkesboro, NC 1899–1900. The Amendment appears in the June 20, 1900 edition.
“The Wilmington 10.” “The State of Things” Audio Archive. WUNC. 91.5fm. 2006.
Host Frank Stasio interviews Dr. Benjamin Chavis Muhammad, the leader of the Wilmington 10, former head of the NAACP, advisor to Minister Louis Farrakhan, and president of the Hip Hop Summit Action Network; and Larry Thomas, author of “The True Story Behind the Wilmington Ten” and “Rabbit! Rabbit! Rabbit!: A Saga of the Wilmington Ten Incident of February 1971.” Listener Call-In. (59:00).
Emmett Till Anti-Lynching Bill, 2020. CNN, June 4, 2020.
Woolly, John T. and Gerard Peters. “Jimmy Carter: The President’s News Conference of of December 15, 1977, February 16, 1978, June 14, 1978, and July 20, 1978. The American Presidency Project. 1999-2008.
Melton Alonza McLaurin. “Commemorating Wilmington’s Racial Violence of 1898: From Individual to Collective Memory.” Southern Cultures, Vol. 8, No. 2: Summer 2002.