Citations: All citations to Spenser’s works, unless otherwise noted, are taken from the following editions: The Faerie Queene. Ed. A.C. Hamilton. 2nd ed. (NY: Longman 2001); The Shorter Works. Ed. Richard A. McCabe (NY: Penguin, 1999); A View of the Present State of Ireland. Ed. W.L. Renwick. 2nd ed. (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1970). This edition of the View uses modernized spelling.