Test #3 Study Questions
Chapter 9: Global Stratification
- Define social stratification and explain why it is of
- Describe the characteristics of slavery and note the
uses of slavery in the New World.
- Identify the features of caste systems and provide
- Describe an estate system.
- List the characteristics of a class system and
contrast its features with those of other systems of stratification.
- Identify the basic assumptions of Karl Marx regarding
what determines social class.
- Compare and contrast Karl Marx and Max Weber’s views
on class stratification.
- Describe how functionalists and conflict theorists
explain stratification. What are functionalist fallacies? Does
functionalism explain or it also justifies inequalities?
- Explain the mechanisms by which the elite maintains
Chapter 10. Social Class and poverty in the US.
- Explain Mills’ interpretation of the social
stratification in the US. What is "power elite" and what is "circulation
of the elites"? Provide examples to illustrate these two notions.
- Explain status inconsistency and discuss its
consequences in terms of individual behavior.
- Examine the consequences of social class in terms of
new technology, family life, politics, religion, and illness and health
- Explain, how has income and wealth inequality changed
since the late 1970s? Did it increase or decrease? How much wealth does
the top 10% of the families in the US own?
- Which group had lost most in terms of real wages
during that period of time? (Blue-collar workers’ wages declined close
- Why does income inequality constitute a social
problem? (ethics and political stability).
- Distinguish between absolute and relative poverty.
How does poverty in developed countries differ from poverty in
- How did poverty rate among elderly change since the
- What is feminization of poverty? What factors
influenced its growth since the 1970s?
- Who are "the working poor"? Did their numbers
increased or decreased during the 1990s? What factors influenced the
growth of the working poor during the 1990s?
- What is the poverty rate among children in the US?
How does poverty rate among children in the US compare with poverty
rates of children in other developed countries?
- What is underclass? What are the major
characteristics of the underclass?
- Indicate how the poverty line is drawn. State the
major characteristics of the poor in the United States. How many poor
there are currently in the US?
- How did rate of poverty change in the U.S. since
- How long does the poverty last? Contrast short and
- Explain and assess individual (individual faults and
culture of poverty) versus structural (functionalist and conflict
theory) explanations of poverty.