Null Hypothesis Statistical Testing: Statistical Hypothesis Inference Testing
From Cohen, J. (1994). The earth is round (p < .05). American Psychologist, 49: 997-1003.
"And we, as teachers, consultants, authors, and otherwise perpetrators of quantitative methods, are responsible for the ritualization of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST; I resisted the temptation to call it Statistical Hypothesis Inference Testing)......"
Recommended Readings for Those Looking for Support of NHST
Abelson, R. P. (1997). On the surprising longevity of flogged horses: Why there is a case for the significance test. Psychological Science, 8, 12-15.
Cortina, J. M., & Dunlap, W. P. (1997). On the logic and purpose of significance testing. Psychological Methods, 2, 161-172.
Frick, R. F. (1996). The appropriate use of null hypothesis testing. Psychological Methods, 1, 379-390.
Hagen, R. L. (1997). In praise of the null hypothesis statistical test. American Psychologist, 52, 15-24.
Harris, R. J. (1997). Significance tests have their place. Psychological Science, 8, 8-11.
Recommended Readings for Those Looking for Criticisms of NHST
American Psychological Association. (2001). Task Force on Statistical Inference Initial Report .
Bakan, D. (1966). The test of significance in psychological research. Psychological Bulletin, 66, 423-437.
Cohen, J. (1994). The Earth is round (p < .05). American Psychologist, 49, 997-1003.
Harlow, L. L., Muliak, S. A., & Steiger, J. H. (1997). What if there were no significance tests? Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Hunter, J. E. (1997). Needed: A ban on the significance test. Psychological Science, 8, 3-7.
Kirk, R. E. (1996). Practical significance: A concept whose time has come. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 56, 746-759.
Kline, Rex. B. (2004). Beyond significance testing: Reforming data analysis methods in behavioral research. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Loftus, G. R. (1993). A picture is worth a thousand p values: On the irrelevance of hypothesis testing in the microcomputer age. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 25, 250-256.
Loftus, G. R. (1996). Psychology will be a much better science when we change the way we analyze data. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 5, 161-171.
Nelson, N., Rosenthal, R., & Rosnow, R. L. (1986). Interpretation of significance by psychological researchers. American Psychologist, 41, 1299-130l.
Nickerson, R. S. (2000). Null hypothesis significance testing: A review of an old and continuing controversy. Psychological Methods, 5, 241-301.
Parkhurst, D. F. Commentaries on Significance Testing.
Rosnow, R. L., & Rosenthal, R. (1989). Statistical procedures and the justification of knowledge in psychological science. American Psychologist, 44, 1276-1284.
Schmidt, F. L. (1996). Statistical significance testing and cumulative knowledge in psychology: Implications for training of researchers. Psychological Methods, 1, 115-129.
Shrout, P. E. (1997). Should significance tests be banned: Introduction to a special section exploring the pros and cons. Psychological Science, 8, 1-2.
Tachibana, T. (1980). Persistent erroneous interpretation of negative data and assessment of statistical power. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 51, 37-38.
Wilkinson, L., & Task Force on Statistical Inference. (1999). Statistical methods in psychology journals: Guidelines and explanations. American Psychologist, 54, 594-604. Click here for a summary of this article or Click here to read the article online.
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This page most recently revised on 19. February 2011.