East Carolina University
Department of Psychology
The sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual (see section 3.03) includes a radical (and long overdue) change in the style of headings to be used in APA style manuscripts. There are still five levels of headings:
Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase
|2||Flush Left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase|
|3||Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.|
|4||Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.|
|5||Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.|
Each section starts with a Level 1 heading (excepting the Introduction, where the Level 1 heading is invisible) and then proceeds to Level 2, 3, 4, and 5 as needed, in that order. To see an examples using two or three levels of headings, go here.
Here is the awful way headings were formatted in previous editions of the APA Publication Manual. Good riddance to this.
Before you can determine which levels of headings are appropriate, you need to know how many levels of headings you have employed. Carefully read pages 113 through 115 in the 5th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Most theses in Psychology will employ two or three levels of headings
Here is an explanation of the characteristics of the different levels of headings, and an example of each:
THE LIBIDINAL PRIMACY OF
Uses and Misuses of EGA
of the Succubus
Level 4: Indented, italicized, lowercase heading with a period at the end. A paragraph starts after a blank space or two on the same line.
Contact Information for the Webmaster,
Dr. Karl L. Wuensch
This page most recently revised on 30. August 2009.