East Carolina University
Department of Psychology


Karl Wuensch's APA-Style Headings Page


    The sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual (see section 3.03) includes a radical (and long overdue) change in the style of headings to be used in APA style manuscripts.  There are still five levels of headings:

Level Style
1

Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase

2 Flush Left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase
3      Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.
4      Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.
5      Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.

    Each section starts with a Level 1 heading (excepting the Introduction, where the Level 1 heading is invisible) and then proceeds to Level 2, 3, 4, and 5 as needed, in that order.  To see an examples using two or three levels of headings, go here.


    Here is the awful way headings were formatted in previous editions of the APA Publication Manual.  Good riddance to this.

    Before you can determine which levels of headings are appropriate, you need to know how many levels of headings you have employed. Carefully read pages 113 through 115 in the 5th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Most theses in Psychology will employ two or three levels of headings

Here is an explanation of the characteristics of the different levels of headings, and an example of each:

Birds Flying

spider in web
Contact Information for the Webmaster,
Dr. Karl L. Wuensch



This page most recently revised on 30. August 2009.