DISTANCE FROM FATHER

Parker's recollection of the distance between the two plantations is very close to the mark. William Hart Elliot's plantation was actually five miles from the Parker plantation of Martinique. Chowan County Deeds of Record, 1715-1947, North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh, North Carolina; Oral Interview with Robert Henry Winborne, Winborne Brothers Farm, 5 October, 2000.

Martinique came into the Parker family in the mid-eighteenth century through the marriage of Peter ParkerŐs grandfather (another Peter Parker) to Mary Wallis. Mary's father, John Wallis (Wallace), received the original land grant from Lord Granville on March 25, 1752. John Wallis divided his estate between Mary and his grandson, John Parker (son of Mary's sister Elizabeth and William Parker). Mary inherited Martinique. Will of John Wallace, 1756, Chowan County Wills, 1694-1938, North Carolina State Archives; John Wallis Deed, Chowan County Record of Deeds, 1715-1946 (microfilm) North Carolina State Archives; Margaret M. Hofmann, The Granville District of North Carolina 1748-1763: Abstracts of Land Grants, Volume I (Weldon, NC: The Roanoke News Company, 1986), p. 48.

During Allen Parker's life, Martinique consisted of 300 acres, 150 of them undeveloped. According to the 1850 Agricultural Census for Chowan County, the Parkers were growing Indian corn, wheat, rice, peanuts, and sweet potatoes. The plantation also had an assortment of livestock including sheep, hogs, assorted fowl, oxen, horses, and dairy cows. At any given time between 1800 and 1850 the number of slaves kept by the Parker family on the farm fluctuated from a low of four to a high of 11. There were various outbuildings scattered about the property; a fish house and gristmill were located on Indian Creek which marked the propertyŐs northwestern boundary. Also on the property during Allen Parker's lifetime were some five slave houses, a dairy, kitchen and several barns. The remaining undeveloped acreage was not cleared until well into the twentieth century. The farm is still being worked today by descendants of Peter Parker. Seventh Census of the United States (1850) Chowan County, North Carolina, Agricultural and Slave Schedules, National Archives (microfilm) North Carolina State Archives; Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth censuses of the United States (1800-1850) Chowan County, North Carolina, Population Schedule, National Archives Microfilm) North Carolina State Archives; Marriage Bonds for Chowan County, 1741-1868, (microfilm) Marriage, Divorce and Vital Statistics Records for Chowan County, North Carolina State Archives; Oral Interview with Hurley Bunch Winborne, Martinique, 5 October, 2000.