Restoration and Revolution:
The Meiji Reinvention of the Imperial System
Duus’ Interpretation
n “an aristocratic revolution” (p. 80)
n “revolution from above” (p. 85)
n At the same time, the “revolutionaries”
ultimately followed policies which the
Tokugawa probably would have continued
n No resort to revolutionary rhetoric: the
revolutionaries “wrapped themselves in the
‘brocade banner’ of imperial authority