How do you form the conditional?

The conditional of most regular verbs is formed by adding the conditional endings to the infinitive. The stem of the conditional is the same as the stem of the future. Remember to drop the final e in the infinitive of -re verbs before adding the endings. Theconditional and imperfect endings are identical.

je           ...............ais nous       ..............ions
tu           ...............ais vous       ...............iez
il/elle/on  ...............ait ils/elles    ..............aient
je                 gagnerais nous          gagnerions
tu                 gagnerais vous          gagneriez
il/elle/on        gagnerait ils/elles       gagneraient
je                  réussirais nous           réussirions
tu                  réussirais vous           réussiriez
il/elle/on         réussirait ils/elles        réussiraient
je                 répondrais nous           répondrions
tu                 répondrais vous           répondriez
il/elle/on        répondrait ils/elles        répondraient
Regular -er verbs with certain endings undergo spelling changes before adding the conditional endings.
je mènerais nous mènerions
tu lèverais vous lèveriez
il pèserait ils pèseraient
j'appellerais nous appellerions
tu jetterais vous jetteriez
           Note that acheter and geler change e to è instead of doubling the t and l
j'achèterais nous gèlerions
j'emploierais nous emploierions
tu essaierais vous essaieriez
il/on essuierait ils essuieraient
elle paierait 
elle payerait
elles paieraient 
elles payeraient
Many common verbs have unusual stems in the conditional as in the future.
aller j'irais
avoir j'aurais
courir je courrais
devoir je devrais
envoyer j'enverrais
etre je serais
faire je ferais
falloir il faudrait
mourir je mourrais
pleuvoir il pleuvrait
pouvoir je pourrais
recevoir je recevrais
savoir je saurais
tenir je tiendrais
venir je viendrais
voir je verrais
vouloir je voudrais
When do you use the conditional?
Sentences that begin with SI

        The conditional is used in sentences containing si-clauses. The following table contains the most common tense sequences used in conditional sentences.
           The sequences are the same in English. The conditional tenses are only used in the main clause, never in the si-clause.

      main clause
          present, futur, imperatif
          conditionnel present
                    plus-que-parfait           conditionnel passe

How do you form the pluperfect?

The pluperfect is a compound tense composed of the imperfect of the auxiliary verb (etre or avoir) and the past participle.

When do you use the pluperfect?

The pluperfect is used to indicate an action that took place before another action in the past. Its French name means more in the past that the past. It can be rendered in English as either the pluperfect had + past participle or the past tense.


How do you form the past conditional?

The past conditional is a compound tense composesd of the conditional of the auxiliary verb (etre or avoir) and the past participle.