Knowing the Arguments: Examples

Examples from national United States policy and regional policy in eastern and southern Africa show arguments on a common problem from a global perspective. The common problem is the need to reduce the social and economic vulnerability of poor and marginalized populations. Each example is followed by an outline (Task # 1) showing its policy argument.

Example 1 is presented elsewhere (Framing the Problem, Scenario 1 for Purpose B) to illustrate problem definition. In this section, it is presented again to illustrate policy argumentation. If you remember the contents from reading the document earlier, skip to the outline. In addition to their usefulness for writers and readers of position papers, outlines such as these can be helpful in policy workplaces to brief others about positions in current debate.

Example 1

Example 1 Outline

Example 2

Example 2 Outline

What These Examples Show

Both position papers exhibit strong authoritative argument that is credible and persuasive. That strength is partly attributed to carefully constructed policy logic.  An outline (Task #1, this chapter) showing the policy logic of each is shown, below. The outlines refer to the extracted versions presented here. To fully appreciate the papers’ argumentation, read the complete text accessible at the locations cited for each document.  Keep the outline in mind as you read.


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